Biochemical Efficacy of Homa Organic Farming in Soybean Crop

The following experiments with Agnihotra and Homa Therapy were conducted at University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
Published in Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 23 (5) : 2010 pp. 841-2

Preamble

A field experiment laid out in completely randomly block design with eight treatments exposed to Homa atmosphere replicated thrice was conducted during Kharif (monsoon) season 2009 to study the Biochemical efficacy of Homa Organic Farming in soybean crop (JS 335).

The conventional control (CC) and control without Homa (CWH) were maintained 1 km away. Basal treatment to all the Homa treatment (HT) seeds was fresh cow dung and cow urine. Agnihotra Homa (AH) at sunrise and sunset and Om Tryambakam Homa (OTH) performed for 3-4 h daily yielded smoke and ash. Homa ash was used for seed treatment and for furrow application. Biosol prepared, contained AH ash and was used for soil and foliar application.

Discussion

Table 1. Effect of Homa Organic Farming on Soybean Crop

The OTH ash as seed treatment and foliar application of Biosol was superior in plant height, dry matter accumulation (DMA) in leaves, grain and straw yield and 100 seed weight. The AH ash as seed treatment with Biosol as soil application was significantly superior over control in DMA in stem, total biomass per plant, number of pods per plant, nodule count and nodule dry weight wherein Homa ashes and Biosol as furrow application increased nodule count by 55-105 per cent over CC and 106-180 per cent over CWH. The macro and micro nutrients increased in soil with furrow application of both the Homa ashes and Biosol. Soil Zn content and dehydrogenase activity increased (151% and 233%, respectively) over control with soil application of AH ash and Biosol. Rust incidence and insect attack was significantly low (10-30 %) with foliar application of Biosol. Total protein and oil content increased on HT and activities of -amylase and invertase in soy seeds on soil application of Biosol were superior.


Photos l to r: root nodule formation without Homa; root nodule formation with Homa

Conclusion

Soil application of Biosol was effective in increasing the following:

  • nodule count
  • weight
  • number of pods
  • straw and grain yield

Foliar application of Biosol was effective in control of:

  • rust
  • pod borer and caterpillar

Furrow application of Homa ash was effective in increasing:

  • organic carbon
  • available phosphorus

as compared with control without Homa.

Homa smoke, ashes and Biosol thus show promise to the farming community to produce disease-free, healthy crops with good returns.

Thesis details

KUMARI NAMRATA (Author)
M.Sc (Agri) (Degree)
Plant Biochemistry (Department)
University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (Institute)
AC, Dharwad-580005 Karnataka State, India (Place)
2010 (Year of submitted)
Th10019 (Accession No)
University Library, UAS, Dharwad
Dr. P.W. BASARKAR (Major Advisor)